Folk Music Instruments of J & K Gujjars-Bakrwals ; article by Dr. Javaid Rahi

November 13, 2018

Folk Music Instruments of J & K Gujjars-Bakrwals

by ; Dr. Javaid Rahi

The Gujjar tribes, mainly residing in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, play some musical instruments since times immemorial to create certain specific sounds of Music. Some instruments associated with them are part of their nomadic practises and some were adopted by them from other communities to add to their musical tradition.

There are a number of examples where Gujjar artists have made significant addition or alteration to the basic structure/formations of a borrowed music instrument to accommodate Gojri folk tunes to it.

While studying the musical practices popular among Gujjars, it has been found that they have their unique traditions. They hold distinct compositions and tunes which separate the Gojri music from Kashmiri, Dogri and Punjabi Music popular in Jammu and Kashmir and adjoining states. Among Gujjars this tradition of music and singing has been continuing for long and every new tribal artist through his performance adds to its ethos.

The main folk instruments used by Gujjars are mainly made from wood, animal skins, clay, metal or other material. Some of the musical instruments are as under:-

Alghojo : Alghojo is a type of flute made from a single hollow shaft of mainly wild-bamboo called ‘Nagal’ in Gojri with six or seven finger holes. A normal Alghoza is 7 to 11 inches long. For nomad Gujjars Alghoza is a sharpened divine instrument.

They make it locally in accordance with requirements.

Since this instrument is mainly associated with pastoral nomads and cowherds the Gujjars play traditional tunes on it. Popular folk-song and tunes are played on this instrument.

Jodhi /Do naal: Jodhi means two flutes (Aloghozas) which when played jointly are called Jodhi. The tune of the Jodhi instruments resembles with that of flute.

Playing of Jodhi is still popular in nomadic Gujjar and Bakerwal society. It is made of hilly bamboos by cuttings small reeds. Folk tunes are played on it.

The instrument is played with three fingers on each side.

The sound in Jodhi is generated by breathing into it quickly and the recapturing of the breath on each beat creates a bouncing, swing rapid rhythm.

It is also a popular choice among musicians for recording new albums. The signature tunes of Gojri programmes broadcast from All India Radio Jammu /Srinaga/Poonch are based on Jodhi tunes.

Banjli: Banjili is a flute which varies in size from less than 12″ to nearly 30″. Every nomad is fond of Banjli. They keep this in side-pockets of their upper wear.

They play the tune of folk songs like shopia, maahiya, jangbaz, besides the traditional tribal tunes on this instrument.

BISILI: Bisilli is a typical folk instrument used by nomads. It is triangular /trilateral in shape. The instrument has hollow belly with a hole at the centre and two holes on either side, besides a mouth pipe. The player blows his breath through the mouth pipe and plays in fingers on the side holes. It is made of clay and is hardened in fire. The instrument is used by the cattle or sheep tenders for singing the folk tunes.

This instrument when played sounds like whistling . It resembles with that of flute or algoza.

Leafs Instruments

Leafs of various trees are typically rolled into pipes for producing musical sounds by shepherd boys who generally use this device for flashing signals to their sheep and cattle.

They are also well versed in making different sounds by putting their fingers in mouth and folded tongue.

Chhung: Chung is an instrument made of Iron with one wire of copper. The instrument is five to seven inches long. This mouth organ once very popular among nomads is dying very fast. Just a few Chung player are left among Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir.

This tribal Chung is like a 5 to 7 inch Trishul- a weapon of Hindus -with “three spears” and is different from the Persian Chung – an Iranian harp.

This instrument has round curve joining two straight lines. Between two straight lines there is thin wire mainly made of wire which is the main part of this instrument.

Shepherds play traditional tunes on it through mouth.

Yaktaro : A “one-string” instrument is also popular among Gujjars of Jammu and adjoining areas ntowards Punjab. Gujjar artists use this instrument to sing Sufiyana Gojri poetry.

Eik Tara’s main structure is made of wood with one string.

Dhool: Dhool is drum. It is large wooden cylindrical shaped with two heads mainly made of skin of animals. It is generally struck on one side with a lose “L’ type wooden stick called “Damno” bowed at the end, and with a large thin stick called “ Chinj” on the other side, though it is also played by the bare hands. It is the principal accompaniment for the “Sharnai (oboe).

Dhool players in Gujjars are called “Mirasi”. They are invited to play Dhools on Marriage, Khatnal, Leetari, Satranj Chekai, Laadi and on other celebrations.

For Dances they play the beats mainly called “Dhukro” for Gujjars.

Sharnai : Sharnai is derived from Persian word Surr (feast) Nay (pipe-reed).This is an instrument usually accompanied with “Dhool”. “Sharnai” is largely known as a wind instrument .

The Sharnai players are called ‘Merasi’ in Gojri. Usually the senior most person among a drum beating team plays the Sharnai.

Dhool and Sharnai is an important part of any ritual performed by the Gujjars.

Chimtoo: this is a kitchen tool (tong in English) mainly used to grip and lift objects. Gujjars used it as an instrument of music with certain modifications. Chimtoo is used as accompanying instrument to add the verity to Dhool or other rhythms.

It is used by artists while singing mystic poetry.

Ghadhoo/ Ghodholi: Ghara is earthen pot / pitcher which is also used as a Musical Instruments by Gujjar artists. In Gujjar marriages and other ceremonies, women folk use it as a musical instrument to draw the tunes.

In some tribal areas where Dhool is not allowed owing to religious binding, Ghara is used as Dhool for singing and Dancing.

Saargi (Tota) : The Tota Saargi is popular in Gojri Musical Tradition since long. This is slightly different to “Sarangi”- a string instrument used in Hindustani classical and other Folk music. In Gojri Saargi is very popular instrument and is played in singing of “Baet”, “Barramah’ and other Gojri folk songs.

The Saargi is made of Wood, animal skin (Madh) with 4 up wires and 11 down wires.The helping organ of Sargi is called “Gaj” in Gojri.

In every Tribal locality we find some popular Sarangi players. Ustad Mohammad Hussain Merasi, Ustad Ghulam Mohammad Danslaya, Ustad Jatoo Merasi, Ustad Noora Merasi and Bashir Mastana are some popular names who sing Gojri folk on Sargi.

The Gojri Music and Folk –Instruments of Gujjars are very rich in term of their inheritance. Other communities residing in Gujja populated area also share the same culture.

During the course of research it has been observed that a number of folk instruments which were in use in past are extinct rapidly.

There is an urgent need to preserve these old instruments with preservation of their noting in writing and audio-visual form with all notations for all generations to come. (The author is working as Chief Editor in J&K Academy of art, Culture and languages and can be mailed at : javaidrahi@gmail.com)

Gojri folk instruments

http://www.dailyexcelsior.com/gojri-folk-instruments/

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Socio-Cultural Characteristics of Gujjars of J&K by Dr. Javaid Rahi

November 8, 2018
Socio-Cultural Characteristics of Gujjars of J&K by Dr. Javaid Rahi
Greater Kashmir
Publish Date: Jul 10 2007 12:00PM


The Gujjar population of J&K is in need of reforms for their socio-economic development. Here Government and NGOs have a role to play, writes Dr. Javaid Rahi
The Gujjars, who live Nomadic life today, have once ruled the entire Northern India . Modern day Gujarat was called “GUJAR-RATA” or Gujjar Rashtra meaning thereby “Kingdom of Gujjars”. This was the area where Gujjars flourished and their rule spread over entire Northern India.
Gujjar tribe appeared on the horizon of India during 5th century A.D, with the advent of white Huns and they established their rule on northern parts. History revealed that the entire Northern India was ruled by the Ashkani, Panwar, Baruoch Chaweri and Parthar Gujjars. There states of Gujjar kingdoms present a brief account of the Glorious past of Gujjars. Not only this, the immortal remains of Gujjar past tell their stories in the whole central Asia and adjoining areas.
Presently Gujjars live in above one dozen States of India, with their distinctive life style. These States include Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Utter Pradesh, M.P, Utteranchal and Gujarat, besides a few areas in Delhi
The frontier, Baluchistan and Punjab province of Pakistan also have number of colonies of Gujjars. Not only this but in ethnic Afghanistan, the Gujjars are holding important Positions.
The State of Jammu and Kashmir has seen the advent of Gujjars during 9th and 10th century A.D. This was the period when Islam was spreading in northern India. According to historians there are 4 major reasons for settling of Gujjars in Jammu and Kashmir.
* The wars for throne in Gujarat and adjoining States, resulting in fighting and exodus of Gujjars after their defeat.
* The frequent earth quacks and intolerable secession in Gujarat, Rajasthan and neighboring States.
* To explore new meadows and pastures for sustenance of life and cattle.
*In addition to the above reasons, after embracing Islam it was also imperative on their part to migrate to new Muslim dominated areas.

Gujjar Life Style:
Gujjar are rich in terms of Cultural Heritage. They have distinction over other identities of the State so for as their Culture is concerned. Gujjars have their own language GOJRI which is an offshoot of Indo-Aryan language. Gujjars have their own Costumes, Traditions, food habits, living habits and Arts, and Crafts which varies from area to area.
Bakerwal Gujjar mostly wear Shalwar Qamiaz, Vaskat/Angoo and Pagheri (Headgear) while their Women folk Wear long Gown called Jubo/ Pheerni/ Shawl /Cap and Jotti/ Jora.
Dodhi Gujjar wear “Pagh” /Qameiz and Tehmad while their ladies wear Shirt with strips Choridar shalwar and Jotti.
The favorite dishes of Gujjar are “Maki / Bajra ki Roti” Ganhar / Sarsoon ka Sag, Lassi, Kalari, Karan etc.It is surprising that Gujjar are mostly Vegetarians.
The Banhara Gujjars mainly live in “Kullas” made from Special type of Grass, While Bakerwals live in temporary Doharas and in Tamboos. Settled Gujjars mainly live in “Kothas”
The State of J&K has five big Sub-Tribe of Gujjars which include:
1. Banhara / Dodhi Gujjars.
Dodhi Gujjars who are presently inhabited in areas of Jammu/Udhampur/Kathua and Doda. The main business of this sub-tribe is dairy Products etc.
2. Bakarwal Gujjars:
This Sub-tribe resides almost in every District of the State in a Substantial number however, they are mostly the residents of Kalakote, Riasi, Nowshaira, Bandi-Pura, Shopian, Kulgam, Pahlgam, Tral and Uri etc.
3. Alahiwal Gujjars:-
This Sub-tribe has migrated from the frontier province of Pakistan and are mostly nomads.
4. Kanhari Gujjars:-
This Sub-tribe has migrated from Swat and Hazara areas presently in Pakistan. Now a days Good Number of these Gujjars live in KalaKote of Rajouri District.
5. Semi-nomad Gujjars:
One more Sub-Tribe of Gujjars are those who have by and large prominently settled in various parts of the State.
There are almost 150 casts /Ghots of Gujjars in the State J&K, out of total 900 Casts of Gujjar Scattered in the Sub- continent.
A substantial number of Gujjars reside in every district of Jammu & Kashmir State. However the data provided by the Govt. agencies and ground realties differ from each other. renowned linguist Mr. G. A. Greorson puts the  number of Gojri Speaking people in 1901 as 1,30000 while as the census conducted in 1931, the numbers of Gojri Speaking (Gujjars) people has been recorded as 2,17,762/ . In 1961 census this number has been decreased and mentioned as 2, 09227 there by citing the reason of mass migration of Gujjars to Pakistan.
Keeping in view the pathetic condition of Gujjar Tribe, the State level Gujjar Bakerwal Advisory Board was Constituted in 1973-74 .The main aim and objective of this board is over all and multi-dimensional development of Gujjars. To set right Social –Economical and Educational Scenario the Board has taken Several steps for Gujjars which include:- · Establishment of 13 Gujjar Hostels.
· Establishing Gujjar colonies for Settling of Gujjar tribe at different place of the State. · Repairs of the Seven Major of migratory routes of Gujjar tribe · For promotion and development Gojri language and Literature to established Gojri Section in J&K Academy of Art Culture & Languages.
· Allotment of shops near district headquarters for their business.
· Providing of Stipend, free uniform, books to Gujjar Students.
· Establishing of Mobile Schools and Hospital for Migratory Nomadic Gujjar and Bakerwals.
· Reserving the Seats in Professional College of the State for Gujjar Students.
· To be the getting epi-Center for the Struggle for Schooled tribe.
· After getting the S.T Status, to make efforts for implantation of various Schemes.
The condition of Gujjar after giving them the status of Schedule tribe:
Schedule tribe Status was given to Gujjar on 19th April 1991. Seats where reserved in Employment and /Promotions Technical/ Preformed and other institutions.
During the past 12 years the Govt. of India has implemented tribal sub-plan on broader bases for overall development of Gujjars. It is need of the time that the funds received under tribal Sub-plan are utilized in a proper way.

Role of NGO’S:
The number of NGO’S working for Gujjar and Bakerwal sect is very low. A few NGOS are presently active representing specific areas of the State. However a few NGO’S like Gujjar Desh Charitable trusts, Tribal Research & Cultural Foundation, Gujjar Bakerwal Conference are working for the development of this downtrodden community.
The Gujjar population of J&K which has been given status of Schedule Tribe needs to be given new dimension on socio- Economic front. The government and NGO’s need to share the responsibilities on this account which include:
Purposed Educational Reforms for Gujjars
· Enhancement of students in 13 Gujjar Bakerwal Hostels of J&K and construction of Gujjar Hostels for Boys/Girls on Block and Tehsil level so as to provide free education facilities to the Nomadic Tribe.
· Shifting of Gujjar and Bakerwal Hostels Residential School on the pattern of Kenderya Novidiya Vidhyalya
· Enhancement in Mobile schools in each district of state and accountability of the teacher at various levels.
· Providing Local staff to the for-flung areas and enhancement of stipend to the to the Gujjar students So that they may continue their education.
· Enhancement of seats in Technical/Professional colleges for Gujjar students.
· Establishment of permanent schools near temporary shelters (Kulla) of Banhara Gujjars and Jammu Kathua/ Udhampur and Doda Districts.
· Establishment of Adult Education Mobile centers with nomadic Kafllas.
· Proper Training of children in mobile Anganwari centers.
· Enhancement of Admission/ Quota in School collages and Institutions for Gujjar students.
(The author is the Secretary of Tribal Research & Cultural Foundation, and can be mailed at javaidrahi@ yahooo.co.in)

 

Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir :  History and Culture  by Dr. Javaid Rahi

November 8, 2018

Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir :  History and Culture  by Dr. Javaid Rahi

They are a people with a history of their own. They need be studied from social, cultural and from political perspective as well, writes Dr. Javaid Rahi
In the Himalayan regions, Gujjar is considered an important and historical tribe. This tribe has ruled over many princely states in northern India for hundred of years and left their imprints in the Himalayan ranges and inscribed them in such a way that they could not be destroyed even after thousand of years. The legacy of Gujjars is as old as their identity. Famous scholar Mohammed Yusuf Teing writes about Gujjars in his research thesis: ?Gujjar Shinakhat Ka Safar? as; ?At some point of time, Gujjar was an educated, prosperous and dignified community. Their reference is not restricted to the books of Indian, Persian, Arabic and Chinese historian but are talked of as to belonging from Gurjistan to Central India
To trace the origin of Gujjar we have to interpret the word ?Gujjar?. Till now the word Gujjar has been interpreted in a number of ways. First perspective has been forwarded by Prof. Abdul Gani Shashi after detailed study of Arabic and Persian history. According to him, Gujjars share with Baduo tribe of Arab, a common lifestyle, way of living and culture. It is believed that Gujjars along with Badu tribe are associated Khizir tribe, who left for Koh-e kaf during the era of Christ along with their, camels and other domestic animals. According to him, the word Khizir got changed to Garz to Garzar and with the passage of time this tribe came to be called as Gujjar.
Abdul Malik Chouhan in the book Taarekh-e-Shahan Gujjar at page number 49 has described the word Gujjar in a diffrent way .
In Islamic encyclopaedia .? It has been said that why Gujjar community was spirited and courageous and they were known for their shrewdness i.e. despotism in the vicinity of Iran and had destroyed many empires and nations under their reign, that is why they were symbolised first of all by a wolf (Bhediya)locakly known as Gurj. Hence, this word get transformed from Gurj to Gurjur to Gurez and later on these people were called by the name of Gurj or Gujjar or Gurjar. Scholars of twentieth century have evolved the third perspective according to which thousands of years ago this community moved from a place called Georgia i.e. Georgia/Gurjistan to India via Afghanistan. Hence, because of belonging to Gurjistan, they were called as Gujjar. Anthropological surveys of India have authenticated this perspective.
The fourth perspective is that the History of Gujjars and Hindu manuscripts reveal that Gujjars were one of the communities who were devotee of lord Krishna. Gujjars took lord Krishna as their ideal and adopted their life style. For a long time they were known for preservation of cows and it is because of cows that some of the castes of Hindus were known as those owning cows. Similarly, Gaochar were called as Gaujar who later on become Gujjar. Another perspective is of Chowdhary Fayez Ahmed written in ?Marat Gujjran Tareekh? who consulted several scholars for verification. According to him, when Gujjars used to rule in India, their armies used to fight with Gurz i.e. Gada (weapon of lord Hanuman) which was their symbol, which later become Gurzar and then changed to Gurjar or Gujjar. It is in this context that Gujjar tribe came to be known. One more perspective also linked with Gurz. History reveals that these people considered cow as their protector and loved cow as their mother. Hence the weapon with which they used to fight was shaped as the head of cow, because of which people of other countries called them ?Gau-sar? which later on become Gujjar.
It has been said that Alexander son who adopted the title of ?Gausar? which later on become Gurji and their children came to be called as Gujjar. But this perspective has not been verified by any other scholar. There are about half a dozen other Gujjar Histories written on Gujjars amongst which like Shahan-e-Gujjar, Gujjar Itihas, Gujjar aur Gujri Zaban, Tareekh-e-Gujran, Gujjar Tareekh aur Sakafat . It has been written in all these that the word Gujjar has been derived from Persian word ?Gauzar? which means body builder (pehalwan) or fighter. Because this community was famous for its moves and tactics in wars, that is why people called them Gauzor who later came to be called as Gujjars. This community is also called Gadjeen. There is a book of Hafiz Abdul Haq Sialkoti titled Tareekh-e-Gojran that verified this view.
Their is this view also that because of some issues, one community shifted from Grozni area of Russia and entered India after going through various ways. These people were called as Gurozar as they belonged to Grozni who later on become Gujjar. This view is authenticated by the presence of some castes in Gujjars based on the names of regions in Russia. E.g. Chichi Gujjars from Chechnya, Bajran Gujjar from Bajrania. The historical view related to Gujjars is very interesting. When Roman invaded Greece for the first time, the community which countered them was Gracia, located on the borders of Greece. Romans called them Grexie, Greece, Gruj which later on become Gurjar which eventually came to be called as Gujjar.  Shirt
Colonel Tort argues that Gujjars are not descendants of Turkey or Arab. He links them to a huge empire. In ?Rajasthan History? Col. Tort states that Gujjars are Greek and the World Gujjar or Garjar is of Greek origin. Page number 39 of Tareekh-e-Kokaz writes that Gujjars have come from Turkistan, and they are descendants of Noah. They are of the view that the word Gujjar is derived from ?Garji? who was descendant of Noah. Shri R.D Bhandari believes that Gujjar is an important community amongst the various Himalayan communities. History tells us that these nomadic people used to rule North India at some time. Gujjar entered India in fifth century A.D. along with Huns, and they are one of the communities of Central Asia. According to English scholar Kennedy, Gujjars used to worship Sun so they entered India from Iran. In a book titled ?Harsh Chitra? written in seventh century A.D., is written that king Harshavardan who was a Hun was given the title of ?Garjar Praja Graha? which mean that brave Gujjar who used to protect his community. Famous scholar Kanigam says that Gujjars are present in India even before Christ. Mr. V.A Smith is amongst those scholars who believe that Gujjars are locals. Rana Ali Hussan Chouhan writes in his history that the word Gujjar is derived from the word Gurjar or Garjar, which has been used by maharishi Valmiki in Ramayana. E.g. in Valmiki?s Ramayana, there is written, ?Gato Dashrat swargyo gartaro? – which means king Dashrat who was brave amongst us kshatriyas, departed for heaven. A big chunk of scholars, agree that Gujjars actually have come from Georgia, which is located in Russia and is often called as Gurjistan. Till date whatever has been said or told about Gujjars cannot be verified logically till date. However, all scholars agree that this community had arrived in the Indian horizon in fifth to sixth century A.D. Expert anthropologist Dr. Cornik has said that through research it has been found that there is no major difference between the faces of Gujjars with that of ancient Indian communities. Gujjars have ruled over Gujarat, Bhopal, Kannauj, Ajmer etc. from fifth century to Fourteenth century A.D. Rajtarangni reveals that Gujjars used to rule over the states and surrounding areas of Kashmir Valley.
History has it that with the fall of Gupt kingdom Gujjars registered a rise. But they were limited to till North India. With reference to history of Rajasthan, it has been revealed that Gujjars had been the residents of J&K since third century A.D. to fifth century A.D. However, some scholars are of the view that Gujjars entered J&K in tenth or eleventh century.
Kashmiri Scholar Motilal Saqi has written in his thesis ?Gujjar Pratihaar? as, ?Harishchandra and his three generations had ruled in between 550 A.D -640 A.D. After that kings of royal family had ruled till eight generations. Thus, North India was under the control of Gujjars for 300 years.? Great scholar Dr. Jamil Jalbi of Pakistan has written in his book ?Urdu Adab ki Tareekh? at page 79 in his first edition in this way, ?One form of Urdu language is found in Gujarat which is called as Gojri or Gujarat dialect. History tells us that Gujjar community entered India as conquerors and divided its southern occupied areas into three parts: the biggest was called as Maharath, second as Gujrath and the third as Swarath. The conquerors from Turkey found it difficult to pronounce Gujrath so they modified it to Gujarat.?
One usually finds the proofs of presence and rule of Gujjars in Kashmir form the external aggressions. According to history, Mohd. Gaznavi attacked Kashmir twice but he failed both the times and many kingdoms came up in Kashmir from 1038 A.D to 1326 A.D. Tung Rai Gujjar was the commander in chief opposite Muhammad Gaznavi. This was the period when king Tarlochan Pal Khattana sought refuge to J&K. Sarvari Kasana writes in his essay, ?Jammu Kashmir par Gujjron ki Hakumat? about acceptance of Islam by Gujjars as, ?in 1301, King Ranjan appointed Shah Mir Gujjar as his minister, who had already adopted Islam. Shah Mir sat on the throne of Kashmir as Wazir Shamsudin. The proof of his being a Gujjar can be traced in chapter Kashmir of?Ain-e-Akbari?. There is also written that Shah Mir considered himself as descendants of Pandavas. Four sons of Shah Shamsudin were rulers of Kashmir. One of them had ruled over Lohar Kot which is now known by the name of Loren in district thingych. K.D Maini in ?Tareekh thingych? writes in eighteenth century that thingych was ruled over by Sango Gujjar who was a brave king.
History tells us that Gujjars have ruled from Gujarat, Jodhpur, and Kathiawad to Baliya 641 century A.D. and during this time it was known as Gujjar Desh. Chawada and Solanki Gujjars have ruled over Deccan Gujarat from 610 A.D -942 A.D, while Gujjars ruled over here from 700 A.D-1573A.D. Central Institute of Indian language, Mysore have prepared a Grammar, in which is written that Gujjar left the plain areas after their decline and shifted to Himalayan regions. These people used to attack enemies while remaining hidden in hilly areas, but this trend could not last long and slowly they became the inhabitants of these areas. Many kings in J&K had enlisted Gujjars as criminal tribes, so that they can snatch power from them to prevent them from being autonomous. Different kings used to keep an eye over Gujjars who were there in their army. History tells us that in every period, each kingdom called rajputs and Sikhs and other Marshall communities from Punjab and settled them around Gujjar inhabited colonies, to protect themselves from attacks of Gujjars which they used to carry from hills to plain areas. Even today in whole of J&K where ever Gujjar colonies are located one can find some houses of Sikhs and Muslim Rajputs which verifies the policies of earlier kingdoms. During Dogra period and Sikh period, landed estates and sub divisions went to people, while Gujjars got only meadows. During Dogra rule Gujjars were not participative and they could not reach or acquire a high position in their administration in proportion to their population. As a result, the views of Dogra Rajput rulers were also not different from earlier rulers. However, later on, three to four Gujjars got access to the King?s council.
To remove backwardness of Gujjars and to bring awareness in them, Gujjar-Jat Conference was established in 1931. This conference went to different places in J&K and awakened Gujjars socially, politically and culturally and directed them towards education. Gujjar leaders of state established this conference. In 1947 thousands of Gujjars were massacred in Jammu and surrounding areas and those who escaped went to Pakistan but major part of Gujjars from thingych, Rajouri and Kashmir didn?t shifted and resided over here only. After partition every group got exposed to awareness but Gujjars remained negligent and ignorant. They were neither in power, nor was there anyone to talk about them.
After patation the decade of 1970s saw a new turn when the state government allotted special budget of Rs. 13 crores for the development and progress of Gujjars under which a Gujjar consultation board was set up. This board?s suggestion led to the establishment of Gujjar hostels and Gujjar kanuniyan to bring about political and educational awareness among Gujjars. Government of India gave the status of S. T to Gujjars on 19 April 1991 and it is only after that, that their real development has been possible. At the political level, Gujjars still are not that aware, but their inclination towards education is flourishing. But still they have to carry a long war to acquire seats for them in state legislature. In a nutshell, we can say that Gujjars are emerging as a distinct cultural, political and social identity as a whole. They have to cross many landmarks and there is no reason, but to hope they will succeed in their endevours.

Socio-Cultural Characterstics of Gujjars of J&K

Gujjar Life Style

Gujjar are rich in terms of Cultural Heritage. They have distinction over other identities of the State so for as their Culture is concerned. Gujjar have their own language GOJRI which is an offshoot of Indo-Aryan language.

Gujjar have their our Costumes ,Traditions , food habits, living habits and Arts, and Crafts. Which varies from area to area.

Bakerwal Gujjar mostly wear Shalwar Qamiaz, Vaskat/Angoo and Pagheri (Headgear) while their Women folk Wear long Gone called Jubo/ Pheerni/ Shawal /Cap and Jotti/ Jora.

Dodhi Gujjar wear “Pagh” /Qameiz and Tehmad while their ladies wear Shirt with strips Choridar shalwar and Jotti.

The favorite dishes of Gujjar are “Maki / Bajra ki Roti” Ganhar / Sarssoon ko Sag, Lassi, Kalari, Karan, etc.It is surprising that Gujjar are mostly Vegetarians.

The Banhara Gujjars mainly live in “Kullas” made from Special type of Grass, While Bakerwals live in temporary Doharas and in Tamboos . Settled Gujjars mainly live in “Kothas”

The State of J&K has five big Sub-Tribe of Gujjars which include:-

1. Banhara / Dodhi Gujjars.

Dodhi Gujjars who are presently inhabited in areas of Jammu/Udhampur/Kathua

and Doda. The main business of this sub-tribe is dairy Products etc.

2. Bakarwal Gujjars :-

This Sub-tribe resides almost in every District of the State in a Substantial number however, they are mostly the residents of Kalakote, Riasi, Nowshaira, Bandi-Pura, Shopian, Kulgam, Pahlgam, Tral and uri etc.

3. Alahiwal Gujjars:-

This Sub-tribe has migrated from the frontier province of Pakistan and are

mostly nomads.

4. Kanhari Gujjars:-

This Sub-tribe has migrated from Swat and Hazara areas Presently in

Pakistan . Now a days Good Number of these Gujjars live in KalaKote of

Rajouri District.

5. Semi-nomad Gujjars:-

One more Sub-Tribe of Gujjars are those who have by and large

prominently settled in various parts of the State ..

There are almost 150 casts /Ghots of Gujjars in the State J&K, out of total 900 Casts of Gujjar Scattered in the Sub- continent.

A substantial number of Gujjars resides in every district of Jammu & Kashmir State however the data provided by the Govt. agencies and ground realties differ from each other. The renowned linguistics Mr. G. A. Greorson has mentioned the number of Gojri Speaking people in 1901 as 1,30000 while as the census conducted in 1931, the numbers of Gojri Speaking (Gujjars) people has been recorded as 2,17,762/ in 1961 census this number has been decreased and mentioned as 2,09227 there by citing the reason of mass migration of Gujjars to Pakistan.

 

Keeping in view the pathetic condition of Gujjar Tribe, the State level Gujjar Bakerwal Advisory Board was Constituted in 1973-74 .The main aim and objective of this board is over all and multi-dimensional development of Gujjars. To set right Social –Economical and Educational Scenario the Board has taken Several steps for Gujjars which include:- · Establishment of 13 Gujjar Hostels.

· Establishing Gujjar colonies for Settling of Gujjar tribe at a different place of the State. · Repairs of the Seven Major of migratory routes of Gujjar tribe · For promotion and development Gojri language and Literature to established Gojri Section in J&K Academy of Art Culture & Languages.

· Allotment of shops near district headquarters for the businesses ..

· Providing of Stipend, free uniform, books to Gujjar Students.

· Establishing of Mobile Schools and Hospital for Migratory Nomadic Gujjar and Bakerwals.

· Reserving the Seats in Professional College of the State for Gujjar Students.

· To be the getting epi- Center for the Struggle for Schooled tribe.

· After getting the S.T Status, to make efforts for implantation of various Schemas.

The condition of Gujjar after giving them the status of Schedule tribe

Schedule tribe Status was given to Gujjar on 19 th April 1991 . Seats were reserved in Employment and /Promotions Technical/ Preformed and other institutions.

During part 12 years the Govt of India has implemented tribal sub-plan on broader bases resulting in the overall developing of Gujjar. It is need of the time that the funds received under tribal Sub-plan be utilized in a proper way.

Role of NGO’S

The number of NGOS working for Gujjar and Bakerwal sect is very low.A few NGOS are Presently active representing specific areas of the State.However, a few NGO’S like Gujjar Desh Charitable trust, Tribal Research & Cultural Foundation, Gujjar Bakerwal Conference are working for the development of this down trodden community.

The Gujjar population of J&K which has been given status of Schedule Tribe needs to given new diminution on socio- Economic front. The government and NGO’s needs to share the responsibilities on this account which include:-

Purposed Educational Reforms for Gujjars

· Enhancement of students in 13 Gujjar Bakerwal Hostels of J&K and construction of Gujjar Hostels for Boys/Girls on Block and Tehsil level so as to provide free education facilities to the Nomadic Tribe.

· Shifting of Gujjar and Bakerwal Hostels Residential School on the pattern of Kenderya Novidiya Vidhyalya

· Enhancement in Mobile schools in each district of state and accountability of the teacher at various levels.

· Providing Local staff to the for-flung areas and enhancement of stipend to the to the Gujjar students. So that they may continue their education.

· Enhancement of seats in Technical/Professional colleges for Gujjar students.

· Establishment of permanent schools near temporary shelters (Kulla) of Banhara Gujjars an Jammu Kathua/ Udhampur and Doda Districts.

· Establishment of Adult Education Mobile centers with nomadic Kafllas.

· Proper Training of children in mobile Anganwari centers.

· Enhancement of Admission/ Quota in School collages and Institutions for Gujjar students.

Purposed Socio -Economic Reforms for Gujjars :-

· Establishment of centers for sale wool/ Dairy and Mutton Products on district and Tehsil headquarters for consumption of these products.

· Providing of high breed sheep Goats/ Buffaloes and horses to Gujjar.

· Establishment of various unites to give boast to folk Arts and crafts of Gujjar tribe.

· Providing of easy term loan for establishment new unites of Arts and Crafts.

· Providing of fertile agriculture land to nomadic Gujjars away from the LOC/ Boarder areas.

· For economic prosperity the NGO’S should play their education role in Providing modern technology to Gujjar.

· Establishment of Co-operative Societies for Banhara and Bakerwal Gujjars.

· On the Pattern Amole India Ltd, Milk plants be established for optimum Use of the products.

· Providing of feed and other foder to Banharas/ Bakerwals on Subsides rates.

· Introduction of Modern technology for the Gujjars who have adopted agriculture means livelihood.

· Providing of frees insurance covers by the Govt. to Nomadic people and their cattle .

· Providing of professional skills to illiterate Gujjar men and women so as to establish their own unites.

· Providing of Govt. Jobs to educated Gujjar Youth so that inclination towords education an encase.

· Making available water, electricity and other basic facilities to the Gujjars living in hilly areas so that they any develop agriculture activities .

· Establishment low level Milk plants in each districts of the State so that the Gujjars can market their product at reasonable rates

· Providing of necessary training to look after agricultural level.

· Construction Road to the areas where Gujjars live in Dohak / Behkes in the summer season.

· Optimum use of the natural resources in and around the areas where Gujjar resides.

· Construction of Kacha roads in Peer Panchal areas.

· Providing Assistance to Gujjars living below the poverty live.

· Proper propagation of tribal Schemes over Print and Electronic.

(The author is the Secretary of Tribal Research & Cultural Foundation, email javaidrahi@ gmail.com)

 

Extend ‘ tribal & forest  rights’ to J&K — by Dr. Javaid Rahi

November 8, 2018

Extend ‘ tribal & forest  rights’ to J&K -a demand by Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir                                                                                      Article by : Dr. Javaid Rahi

On the occasion of the inauguration of ‘National Tribal Carnival’ on  October 25th, 2016, in New Delhi,  the  Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi  exclusively praised  the tribes of India  which marked intense struggle  throughout their life . He declared them as  ideals of community living, and of living cheerfully despite many troubles.

Prime Minister   also  complimented the nomadic communities for their role in the conservation of forests in India. He said ,  if we have to protect Jungles  we should utilize  tribes. He further said  that the inheritance of tribes is largely based on forests as they are the real custodian of forests.

Prime Minister  stated  that the livelihood of tribes is largely based on forest , though they have no written record of their land dwell in and due to this they are facing  difficulties. He said,  his Govt  is committed to give rights to tribes and center with the help of State Governments  allotted  lands / Pattas of forest to Tribes for the reason that they  must get due privileges . He said  nobody will be allowed to dislocate the tribes from their inherited lands,  owned by them traditionally. He said my govt,  will take serious steps in this direction. Tribes should get  ownership on forest lands, as the Jungles are a  part of their life and livelihood  which could not be separated at all.

Moreover , the Prime Minister  admitted in his 40 minutes long speech that Tribal are the main curator  of treasures of traditional knowledge about herb . He said most of natural resources and forests in India  were found in the same parts of the country where the  tribal communities lives. He said while resources had to be harnessed, exploitation of tribal  could not be allowed. But know,   new allocations in Union Budget  would help channelize funds for the development of the tribal communities. He said this decision would unlock huge amounts of money for development of the mineral rich districts.

Forest (tribal ) Right Act- 2006

On 18th December 2006, the Indian parliament passed a legislation whereby the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers were equipped with the  rights  on forest land and other resources. It was an initiative of Govt of India to redress the historical injustice committed against tribes who are the main forest dwellers, while including provisions for making conservation more effective and more transparent.

Through this legislation which came into force on 31 December 2007 following rights have been granted  to tribes of India ;-

  1. Ownership  and Title rights to land,   subject to a maximum of 4 hectares, that is being farmed by tribal or forest dwellers as on 13 December 2005.
  2. Use rights – Rights were granted to tribes to grazing areas, to pastoralist route to minor forest produce (also including ownership),
  3. Rehabilitation ; to rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement Relief and development rights  were granted  for basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection.
  4. Protection Rights  and Forest management rights – to protect forests and wildlife.

The eligibility for ‘Forest Rights’ to get rights is confined to those who “primarily reside in forests or  who depend on forests and forest land for  their  livelihood. Further, either the claimant must be a member of the Scheduled Tribes scheduled in that area or must have been residing in the forest for 75 years.

Types of Rights  granted to Indian Tribes

  1. Right of ownership, access to collect, use, and dispose of minor forest produce.
  2. Right to hold and live in the forest land for self-cultivation for livelihood by Scheduled Tribe or other traditional forest dwellers
  3. For settled or transhumant community rights of uses of entitlements such as fish and other products of water bodies, grazing and traditional seasonal resource access of nomadic or pastoralist communities;
  4. Right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any community forest resource which they have been traditionally protecting and conserving for sustainable use;
  5. Right of access to biodiversity and community right to intellectual property and traditional knowledge related to biodiversity and cultural diversity.
  6. Traditional and customarily right  enjoyed by the forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes or other traditional forest dwellers.
  7. Community rights such as nistar, by whatever name called, including those used in erstwhile Princely states, Zamindari or such intermediary regimes
  8. Other rights as may be granted by the State.

J&K awaits extension of Forest Act 

Owing to its special position,  under article 370 of Constitution of India, the states  of  Jammu and Kashmir has not extended the Forest Right Act 2006 till date , though it was largely implemented in all most all the states of India.

In absence of  forest rights , around 12   Scheduled Tribe  communities are facing a lot of hardship including evocation from land by Forest department from time to time. They are  demanding  extension of ‘Forest Rights Act-2006’ enacted by Indian Parliament to the  J&K so that they can also have rights on forest lands as are constitutionally available to other STs  across the country.

Fighting for their rights , the members of different tribal communities have been raising   the  issue  at different forms. They are pleading  that the government  should follow  the other state’s model to settle nomads especially  to rehabilitate   the  nomadic Gujjars-Bakarwals’ who are  the main forest dweller community of  the state.

Presently nomadic tribes of  Jammu and Kashmir state have no rights on the forest lands as no identical law to Forest Right Act  is enforced  in the state .The 80% of  tribal population comprising of   Gujjars and Bakerwals which constitute 20% of total 125 Lakhs population of the State . They rear sheep , goats, buffalos, camels and other animals and    a sizeable chunk among them is still landless, shelter less and deserves dwelling rights on forest lands which they are using as traditional inhabitants since centuries together.

No hurdles to extend Rights

Apparently,  there are no hurdles seen in the way  of extension  of Forest Rights   Act-2006 to J&K. The PDP – BJP govt. in J&K  which was the first to establish Tribal Ministry in the state and were seen keen to develop marginalised communities. Further the J&K ‘s Forest Policy 2010  also provided  “concessions” to nomadic graziers,  though  are not enough for tribal communities.

The forests are the home of  nomadic  tribes . Lakhs of nomadic  Gujjars-Bakarwals  in J&K still resides in forest during migration and  their economy is completely  based on forest products, lands.

In past , the tribes especially Gujjars are  protecting forests against mafias, land grabbers but as per laws available, protection of forests by persons other then officials is illegal in Jammu and Kashmir which is unjust and against tribal rights. They  must be declared as a forest protector by settling them properly and lawfully.

Rehabilitation of nomads  through  Forest Rights;

12  ST communities  of State  are expecting a positive outcome of the committee constituted by Governor of J&K N N Vohra  in March 2016 during ‘Governor  Rule’  under the supervision of Chief Secretary B. R. Sharma who was asked to prepare a draft plan to re-locate and re-rehabilitate nomadic tribes who move from place to place in the state.

The order was issued after one nomadic Gujjar was killed during evocation of land by Forest department in Samba District of Jammu province. To rehabilitate the tribes, other states of India have developed “Forest villages” for tribal and nomadic groups for rehabilitation of STs with the help of Union Tribal Affairs Ministry.

Since , the state of Jammu and Kashmir is enjoying special status  in Constitution of India and is empowered to either extend the Forest Right  Act -2006 to J&K or  come up with a legislation of its own thereby granting rights to tribes of J&K on the land occupied by them since centuries.

( Dr. Javaid Rahi – a tribal activist- can be mailed at ; javaidrahi@gmail.com)

GOJRI LANGUAGE BOOKS Printed Gojri Publications February , 2018

October 11, 2018

A list of books published by different organizations are placed below :-

Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages

You can also have these books from :  chairmangulshan@gmail.com

Latest

  1. CONCISE GOJRI DICTIONANRY-By. Dr. Javaid Rahi 901 pages
  2. DICTIONARY OF CLASSICAL GOJRI
  3. GOJRI GRAMMAR
  4. GOJRI LOOK GEET
  5. GUJJAR GAYAAN
  6. Qadeem Gojri Lughat
  7. GOJRI ADBI TANAZAR – Ab Hameed Kassana
  8. GUJJAR TAREKH O SAQAFAT – 03 Volume
  9. Zia ul Bayan- by Prof. Abdul Ghani Shashi

Latest books in Gojri Published by  Gujardesh Chairtable Trust , Jammu

  1. Chunam Gojri Look Geet by Dr. Javaid Rahi 1997
  2. LouK Virso (Gujjar Folk-lore) by Dr. Javaid Rahi  1998
  3. Gujjar Shankhat ka Safar, by Dr. Javaid Rahi 1999
  4. Ghazl Salony Dr. Rafeeq Anjum 1999

Latest books in Gojri Published  by Tribal Research and Cultural  Foundation (J&K):          

  1. Gujjar Hamaliyai Encyclopaedia by Dr. Javaid Rahi
  2. Gojri Luok Varsti Dictionary  2 volume  by Dr. Javaid Rahi
  3. Hindi Gojri Dictionary by Dr. Javaid Rahi
  4. Badlato Door by Noor Mohd Noor

Gojri Publication by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages ,

  1. GOJRI GHAZAL NUMBER
  2. GOJRI NAAT NUMBER
  3. GOJRI OYLIYA NUMBER
  4. GOJRI NAAZAM NUMBER
  5. GOJRI POONCH NUMBER
  6. MIAN NIZAM ud DIN  NUMBER
  7. GOJRI AFSANA NUMBER
  8. GOJRI DRAMA NUMBER
  9. MASHAHEIR NUMBER
  10. Malfoozat-e- Nizamia Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  11. ILAM DIN Banbasi . Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  12. Manda Mitra  Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir
  13. Choran Var Moor :Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir
  14. Karni Ko Phal; Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir
  15. Qadawar : Mehir Din Qammar Number vol 2 No. 2
  16. Behwa         Gojri Translation of Kirshan chander
  17. Krishan Chand ka Chonva Afsana, Gojri Translation
  18. Hirs Ki Maar, :Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir
  19. Gojri Lok Kahaniyan Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  20. Nelo Naag :Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir
  21. Musvado (Nain Samandar) Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  22. Qadawar Ch. Israil Asar Mansha Khaki
  23. Chaar Dervaish
  24. Prem Chand Ki Chonam Kahaniyan,
  25. Roomi Ki Chunam Kahaniyan Gojri Translation
  26. Apno Dard Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir
  27. The Gujjars Vol 1 No. 1 (HISTORY NUMBER )Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  28. The Gujjars Vol 2 No. 2 (LANGUAGE NUMBER )Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  29. The Gujjars Vol 3 No. 3 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  30. The Gujjars Vol 4 No. 4 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  31. The Gujjars Vol 5 No. 5 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  32. The Gujjars Vol 6 No. 6 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  33. Kalam-e- Rashid Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  34. Saanj Gojri Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi

Some Important  Gojri Books

Published by  Academy of Art, Culture and Languages

  1. Banphal Banphal Pani by Rana Fazal Hussain
  2. Naghma-e-Kohsar by Asrial Mahjoor
  3. Kalyat-e-Asar (2 Vol) by Israel Asar Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  4. Kulyat-e-Rana Fazal (2 Vol) by Rana Fazal Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  5. Kulyat-e-Nazir by Nizar Ahmad Nazir Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  6. Kulyat-e-Khudha Bakshzar Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  7. Kalam-e-Zabai by Zabai Rajourivi Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  8. Kulyat-e-Shams-ud-Din Mehjoor by Shams-ud-Din Mehjoor Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  9. Kulyat-e-Qasim Shamim by Qasim Shamim Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  10. Kalam-e-Nizam by Nizam-ud-din: Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  11. Asrar-e-KAsiri by Hazrat Baba Ji Sahib Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  12. Ghuman Ghair by Asrar Zaffar Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  13. Sajri Saveel by Sarwar Rana Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  14. Kuliyat e Hassan Din Hassan-Singran Ka Geet
  15. Kulyat E – Adress Shad – Singran Ka Geet
  16. Kuliyat-e- Bhatti- Singran Ka Geet
  17. Mahal- Rana Fazal Hussain
  18. Abjad- Rana Fazal Hussain
  19. Kuliyat – – Mukhlas Wajdani
  20. Nain Sumandar- Abdul Rashid

History Of Gojri Language & Literature.

By Dr. Rafeeq Anjum      (Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages in Ten volume)

  • I Prologue to Golden History)
  • II Ancient Gojri literature,
  • III Modern Gojri literature,
  • IV Modern Gojri Poetry,
  • V oGojri Ghazal (an anthology),
  • IV Gojri Songs (geet),
  • VII Gojri short stories (an anthology),
  • VIII Gojri Drama (an anthology),
  • IX Biography of Gojri Writers)
  • X Abridged Golden History.
  • Editor Ch Naseem Poonchi

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

  1. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1979
  2. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1980
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1981
  1. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1982
  2. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1983
  3. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1984
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1985
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1986
  1. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1987
  2. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1988
  3. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1989
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1990
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1991
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1992
  1. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1993

MAHAR-O ADAB- 1979-1993  15 issues

 

  • Editor Ch Iqbal Azeem

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

 

  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1994
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1995
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1996
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1997
  1. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1998
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1999
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1999
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2000

     Maharo Adab Gojri  :7 issues from 1994-2000

  • Editor Ch Mansha Khaki

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

 

  1. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2001
  2. Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2002
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2003

Maharo Adab Gojri  :3 issues from 2001-2003

  • Editor Javaid Rahi

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2004
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2005
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2006
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2007
  • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2008
  • Maharo Adab Gojri :05  issues from 2004-2008
  • Gojri Look Kahanein 04 issues from 2004-2008
  • Gojri Look Geet : 04 issues from 2004-2008
  • Gujjar Aur Gojri: 04  issues from 2004-2008
  • Shingran Ka Geet :  04 issues from 2004-2008
  • Maharo Adab Gojri : 04  issues from 2004 to 08
  • Gojri Look Kahnein : 4 issues 2004 to 08
  • Gojri Look Geet : 3 issues from 2004 to 08
  • Gujjar Aur Gojri: 4 issues from 2004 to 08
  • Shingran Ka Geet : 4  issues from 2004 to 08
  • Qadawar     :          2   issues
  • Paneeri (for Children) :  2  issues
  • Gojri Ka Lal :   2  issues
  • CHIEF EDITOR Javaid Rahi
  • (Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2009
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six issues 2010
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2011
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2012
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2013
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2014
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2015
    • Bi-Monthly Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2017
    • Maharo Adab Gojri : 8 issues 2009-2017
    • Gojri Look Kahanein :Four issues 2009-2017
    • Gojri Look Geet : :Four issues from 2009-2012
    • Gujjar Aur Gojri: 7  issues from 2009-2017
    • Shingran Ka Geet : 7 issues from 2009-2017
    • Qadawar              :    2issues
    • Paneeri (for Children) :     3  issues
    • Gojri Ka Lal :       issues
    • Chamber                   One issue
    • Masawdo                      5  issues
    • GOJRI SI HARFI   one issue
    • Sanjh (Mehboob e Do Aalam SAW)
    • Qadawar- SARWARI KASSANA
    • Shingran ka Geet- IQBAL AZEEM
    • Maharo Adab- AMIN QAMAR KI KAHANI

 Gojri Curriculum Books

Published by J&K State Board of School Education

  1. Paheli Gojri Kitab
  2. Doji Gojri Kitab
  3. Teeji Gojri Kitab
  4. Chothi Gojri Kitab
  5. Panjmi Gojri Kitab
  6. Chamein Gojri Kitab
  7. Satimi Gojri Kitab
  8. Athmein Gojri Kitab

BOOKS TRANSLATED IN GOJRI

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

  1. Translation of Quran in Gojri
  2. My Experiment With Truth by Gandhi ji
  3. Gojri Translation of Discovery of India by Pt Nehru
  4. 101 poems of Tagore : Dr. Javaid Rahi
  5. Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam : Dr. Shah Nawaz
  6. Rubayat-e-Umar Khayam
  7. Guldast e sheikh ul Alam (RA) : Dr. Javaid Rahi
  8. Greek Plays : UNANI DARMA ; Parvez Akhter
  9. Translation of two Novels of Preem Chand
  10. Shahan –e-Gujjars (History of Gujjars by Abdul Malik )
  11. Medini Qafilo ; Naseem Poonchi
  12. Mian Mohaammad Baksh : Parvez Akhter
  13. Othello of Shakespeare : Mansha Khaki
  14. Kinglier of Shakespeare : Mansha Khaki
  15. Selected books from classic and regional Languages.

Farsi Ghazal

  1. Tareikh Ibne Khaldoon : by H D PARWAZ
  2. Alfarooq ; by H D PARWAZ
  3. Gojri – Gulistan e Sadi : Ch Naseem Poonchi
  4. Gojri Translation of Bostan e Sadi: Anwar Hussain
  5. Masnvi Moulana Rumi- Vol 1 ; By Ch Naseem Poonchi
  6. Masnvi Moulana Rumi- Vol 2 ; By Ch Naseem Poonchi
  7. Masnvi Moulana Rumi- Vol 3 ; By Ch Naseem Poonchi
  8. Masnvi Moulana Rumi- Vol 4 ; By Ch Naseem Poonchi
  9. Masnvi Moulana Rumi- Vol 5 ; By Ch Naseem Poonchi
  10. Masnvi Moulana Rumi- Vol 6 ; By Ch Naseem Poonchi
  11. Eik Khota ki Aap Birti : by H D PARWAZ
  12. RUMI KI KAHANI – Anwar Hussain
  13. AHADESH- SOCHA MOTI Amin Madni
  14. SUKHANWARAAN EGUJRAAT (SAANJH)
  15. Haqayat e Sadi- by Noor Mod Noor

 

GOJRI BOOKS Published  by NGOs

  1. Akhan Gojri Quotations   JK Gojri Anjuman 2004 Edited by Dr. Rafeeq Anjum
  2. Gojri Kahawat Kosh Gojri Quotations   JK Gojri Anjuman 2004            Edited; by Dr. Rafeeq Anjum
  3. Anjum Shanasi Biography   JK Gojri Anjuman 2007 Edited
  4. Sajra Phull ( Hakeem) Selected poetry     JK Gojri Anjuman 2007            Edited
  5. Peehng (Mukhlis) Selected poetry     JK Gojri Anjuman 2007            Edited by Dr. Rafeeq Anjum

GOJRI BOOKS Published  by BAZM E ADAB KALAKOTE

  1. SAJAR BOOT – book series

 

Apart from above 100s of books published by Gojri authors/poets/ historians  individually.

 

 

 

 

 

ORGANISATIONS WORKING FOR GOJRI

Govt Institutions :-

  • A Gojri Section in Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Arts, Culture and Languages is working since 1978 onwards. (40 year)
  • 5 Radio Stations in J&K broadcast daily programme in Gojri- including Radio Kashmir Jammu, Radio Kashmir Srinagar , All India Radio POONCH / All India Radio Kathua, All India Radio Badherwah
  • Doordarshan Kendra telecaste various Gojri programmes.
  • The National Academy of Letters, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi has also recognised Gojri as one of the major Indian Languages for its prestigious National Award, Bhasha Samman and other programmes.
  • Central Institute of Indian Language Mysoor Karnatika under Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India has published various books on Linguistic aspect of Gojri language.
  • Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education made a Primer in Gojri for Teaching Gojri in Schools.
  • University of Jammu has started new courses in Gojri namely Development of Gojri Language and Literature and on Gojri prose.
  • Central University Himachal Pradesh has started new cources in Gojri namely Development of Gojri Language and Literature and on Gojri prose.
  • University of Jammu / University of Kashmir have awarded several Doctorate Degrees comparing Gojri with other languages.
  • Internationally noted Linguistic Researcher Sir G. A. Gareirson while analyzing various languages of India has written a full volume on Gojri Language. In his work Sir Garreirson has accepted and outlined universal influence of Gojri and its impact on other Indian Languages.
  • The Oxford University U.K had compiled (By T. Graham Bialy ) first ever Grammar of Gojri Language in 1905.

 

 

 

ORGANISATIONS WORKING FOR GOJRI

Non- Govt Institutions :-

  • A number of NGOs working for Gojri Language includes :-
    • Gujjar Desh Charitable Trust Jammu
    • Tribal Research & Cultural Foundation Poonch
    • Anjmun Gujjran Srinagar
    • Jammu and Kashmir Anjuman Taraqi Gojri Adab Rajouri
    • (J&K)
    • Bhartya Gujjar Pareshad Uatter Pardesh.
    • Anjuman Gojri Zuban-o-Adab Tral Kashmir
    • Organisation of Himalyan Gujjars Poonch
    • Adbi Sangat Wangat Kashmir
    • Adbi Majlis Gojri Jammu
    • Sarwari Memorial Gojri Society Jammu
    • Gojri Dramatic Club Jammu
    • Gujjar Writers Association Uri Baramulla.
    • Gojri Anjumun Badgam
    • Gujjar Manch Kathua
    • Bazm-i-Adab Kalakote Rajouri
    • Gojri Development Center Karnah Kupwara

Pvt. TV Channels working for Gojri  :

GULISTAN NEWS – Daily Gojri News /Programme

Takeone Channel – Daily Gojri News /Programme

JK CHANNEL -Daily Gojri News /Programme

 

List of fresh Gojri Publications

Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages Lalmandi Srinagar

  1. Shingra ka Geet Kulyat e Naseem Poonchi 315 Pages Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  2. Paneeri 2015             191 Pages (2016)       Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  3. Gujjar aur Gojri 2015 176 pages     (2016)Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  4. Masvidoo-2015        (2016)          92 Pages   Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  5. The Gujjars -6             827 PagesEdited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  6. Gojri Adbi Tanzar 2015 413 PagesEdited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  7. Gojri Look Geet ( selected )             731 PagesEdited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  8. Selected books from classical
    1. and Regional Languages :Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  9. Guldast e sheikh ul Alam (RA) 454 Pages Translated by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  10. Selected books from classical
    1. and Regional Languages :
    2. Greek Plays                                                             295 Pages
  11. Golden History of Gojri literature -1 796 Pages
  12. Golden History of Gojri literature -2 775 Pages
  13. Golden History of Gojri literature -3 802 Pages
  14. Kalam –e- Assar by Israel asar 1024 pages
  15. Kulyat –e-Nazir Ahmad Nazir 287 Pages
  16. Kalam -e-Khudha Baksh zar 207 Pages
  17. Kalam-e-Zabai by Zabai Rajourivi 158 Pages New Addition Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  18. Kulyat-e-Shams-ud-Din Mehjoor New Addition Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)            185 Pages
  19. Malfozat e Niazamia by Hazrat Baba Ji Sahib 818 PagesNew Addition Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  20. The Gujjars, Gujjar History No    by Dr. Javaid Rahi 2016 758 Pages
  21. Ghuman Ghair by Abrar ZaffarNew Addition Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  22. Sajri Saveel by Sarwar Rana  New Addition Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)       262 Pages
  23. Sheeraza Gojri-1                                                138 Pages  Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  24. Sheeraza Gojri-2                                                100 Pages   Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  25. Gojri Grammar                                                 200 Pages     Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  26. Sheeraza Gojri-3                                                400 Pages    Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  27. Selected Plays of Shakespeare (King Lear)  179 Pages     Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  28. Sheeraza Gojri-4                                                120 Pages      Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  29. Qadawar 2015                                                   532 Pages        Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  30. Sheeraza Gojri-5                                                101 Pages      Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  31. Gujjar Tareekh O Saqaft 2015 201 Pages   Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  32. Sheeraza Gojri- Naat Number 400 Pages       Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  33. The Gujjars-5             531 PagesEd.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)
  34. Mahro Adab(Ghazal No .)           Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2016)           292 Page

2015

1    SHAAN-E-Gujjars     Urdu       pages     729

2     UDDARI       Tr. Of  APJ Abdul Kalam by Shahnawaz                                                          197

3     UMAAYO O NEEN – by Rafeeq Shahid –       Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)                                                    172

4     SHINGRAAN KA GEET          Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)                                          233

5     GOJRI BEET            Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015) Page 333

6    QADDAWAR   SABIR AFAQI NUMBER  255 page Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

7     THE GUJJAR No 3                                                       922

8     SUKHANWARAAN EGUJRAAT (SAANJH )           433

9     THE GUJJAR   Vol NO     4              822 Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

10   GOJRI  DICTIONARY     (Concise )          913 Page Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

11   TAREEKH IBEN E KHALDOON  (SAANJH)             718

12    MAHRO ADDAB                                                     350 Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

13    SHEERAZA  GOJRI   NO 1                                      111 Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

14    SHEERAZA  GOJRI   NO 2                                       109Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

15    SHEERAZA  GOJRI   NO  3                                      103Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

16     SHEERAZA  GOJRI   NO  4                                    141Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

17    SHEERAZA  GOJRI   NO    5                                      219Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

18    SHEERAZA  GOJRI   NO    6                                    176Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

19    PANEERI (AKAL KEEN GAL)                                    147

20    GUJJAR AOUR GOJRI                                                176

21    GUJJAR GAYAAN     by Anwar Hussain   142Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

22    TEGORE KI CHANAAM SHARYI                              405Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)

23     SUCHAA MOTI    -Translation of Hidth in Gojri 1159Pages Ed.Dr. Javaid Rahi   (2015)   

Published by  Gujardesh Chairtable Trust , Jammu

(i)  Chunam Gojri Look Geet by Dr. Javaid Rahi  1997

(ii)  LouK Virso (Gujjar Folk-lore)  by Dr. Javaid Rahi  1998

(iii) Gujjar Shankhat ka Safar, by Dr. Javaid Rahi  1999

 

Publication  by Tribal Research and Cultural  Foundation 58/5A Trikuta Nagar , Jammu  (J&K):

  1. Gujjar Hamaliyai Encyclopaedia by Dr. Javaid Rahi  (Folk lore of Gujjars )

Sponsored by Ministry of Culture , Government

of India under preservation of Himalayan

Cultural   Heritage Scheme in 2000.

  1. Gojri  Luok Varsti Dictionary  by Dr. Javaid Rahi  in Volume Two Sponsored by Ministry of Culture , Government

of India under preservation of  Tribal

Culture  and Folk Arts  Scheme in 2002.

  1.   Hindi Gojri Dictionary  by Dr. Javaid Rahi

 

Latest Gojri Publication Published by Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages , Lalmandi Srinagar

  1. Qadeem  Lughat e Gojri        Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                325 pages
  2.  Malfoozat-e- Nizamia      Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                     915 pages
  3.  Gojri Ka Lal(Banbasi No). Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                  325 pages
  4.  Gojri Lok Kahaniyan Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                           142 pages
  5.  Mahro Adab Ed: Dr. Javaid Rah                                          196 pages
  6. The Gujjars , Gujjar History No, Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi         500 pages
  7.  Musvado       Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                                        345 pages
  8. Kulyat Hassan Din Gorsi Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                     810 pages
  9.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 34 No. 1 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi               119 pages
  10. Gujjar Aur Gojri Vol 14 No. 1 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi             431 pages
  11.  Manda Mitra  Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir               142 pages
  12.  Masnavi Maulana Room Vol 2nd Gojri Translation          912 pages
  13.  Auliya Number         Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                            236 pages
  14.  Choran Var Moor :Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir      108 pages
  15.  Karni Ko Phal; Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir             161 pages
  16. Saanj (Mian Mohd. Baksh number)vol 2 No. 2                  318 pages
  17.  Qadawar  : Mehir Din Qammar Number vol 2 No. 2        240 pages
  18.  Behwa           Gojri Translation of Kirshan chander        214 pages
  19.  Krishan Chand ka Chonva Afsana, Gojri Translation       246 pages
  20.  Kulyat Shams ud din Mehjoor Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                       202 pages
  21.  Hirs Ki Maar, :Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir              82 pages
  22.  Gojri Lok Kahaniyan Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                           96 pages
  23.  Nelo Naag :Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir                   141 pages
  24.  Ek Kota Ki Aap Briti:Translation of Kirshan chander      175 pages
  25. Musvado (Nain Samandar) Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                 256 pages
  26. Qadawar Ch. Israil Asar        Ed. Mansha Khaki                  499 pages
  27.  Mahro Adab (Saiful Malook number )                               156 pages
  28. Sheeraza Gojri Vol 32 No. 3 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                120 pages
  29.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 32 No. 4Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                110 pages
  30.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 32 No. 5 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi               140 pages
  31.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 32 No.6 Dr. Javaid Rahi                      132 pages
  32. Sheeraza Gojri Vol 33 No. 1 Dr. Javaid Rahi                      130 pages
  33.  Shingran Ka Geet (Kuliyat-e-Mukhlis Wajdani)                194 pages
  34. Chaar Dervaish         Gojri Translation                               304 pages
  35.  Prem Chand Ki Chonam Kahaniyan, Gojri Translation    217 pages
  36. Agha Hashr Kashmiri number                                             250 pages
  37. Tareekh Ibn Khaldoon         Gojri Translation                   843 pages
  38.  Roomi Ki Chunam Kahaniyan         Gojri Translation       186 pages
  39.  Apno Dard    Gojri Translation of Agha Hashir                104 pages
  1. The Gujjars Vol 1 No. 1 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                       243 pages
  2. Masnavi Rumi (Gojri) vol 1 Gojri Translation       1001 Pages
  3. Masnavi Maulana Room Vol 3rd Gojri Translation            1212 pages
  4. Masnavi Maulana Room Vol 4th Gojri Translation            994 pages
  5. Masnavi Maulana Room Vol 5th Gojri Translation            1132 pages
  6. Kulyat-e-Rana Fazal Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                 531 Pages
  7. Musvado Kalam-e- Rashid   Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    256 pages
  8. Saanj Gojri     Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                            371 pages
  9. Gujjar Aur Gojri Vol 13 No. 13 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi           177 pages
  10. Gojri Lok Kahaniyan Vol 29 No. 29                                    115 pages
  11. Shingran Ka Geet Vol 22 No. 22                              92 pages
  12. Kulyat-e- Zabeeh Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi                      158 pages
  13. Saanj (Bostan-e- Saadi) Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi           484 pages
  14. Mahro Adab Interview No. Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi     512 pages
  15. Sheeraza Gojri Vol 31 No. 1 Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    104 pages
  16.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 31 No. 2            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    107 pages
  17.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 31 No. 3            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    138 pages
  18.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 31 No. 4            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    136 pages
  19.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 31 No. 5            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    171 pages
  20.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 31 No. 6            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    149 pages
  21.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 32 No. 1            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    139 pages
  22.  Sheeraza Gojri Vol 32 No. 2            Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi    138 pages

Some Important  Gojri Books Languages

  1. Banphal Banphal Pani by Rana Fazal Hussain
  2. Naghma-e-Kohsar by Asrial Mahjoor
  3. Kalyat-e-Asar (2 Vol) by Israel Asar Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  4. Kulyat-e-Rana Fazal (2 Vol) by Rana Fazal Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  5. Kulyat-e-Nazir by Nizar Ahmad Nazir Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  6. Kulyat-e-Khudha Bakshzar Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  7. Kalam-e-Zabai by Zabai Rajourivi Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  8. Kulyat-e-Shams-ud-Din Mehjoor by Shams-ud-Din Mehjoor Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  9. Kulyat-e-Qasim Shamim by Qasim Shamim Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  10. Kalam-e-Nizam by Nizam-ud-din: Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  11. Asrar-e-KAsiri by Hazrat Baba Ji Sahib Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  12. Ghuman Ghair by Asrar Zaffar Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi
  13. Sajri Saveel by Sarwar Rana Ed: Dr. Javaid Rahi

Big Projects published in Gojri

Gojri-Gojri Dictionary           ((Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages 6 Volume)

History Of Gojri Language & Literature.  By Dr. Rafeeq Anjum      (Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages in Ten volume)

  • vol.I Prologue to Golden History)
  • vol.II Ancient Gojri literature,
  • vol.III Modern Gojri literature,
  • vol.IV Modern Gojri Poetry,
  • vol.V oGojri Ghazal (an anthology),
  • vol.IV Gojri Songs (geet),
  • vol.VII Gojri short stories (an anthology),
  • vol.VIII Gojri Drama (an anthology),
  • vol.IX Biography of Gojri Writers)
  • vol. X Abridged Golden History.

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

  • Editor Ch Iqbal Azeem 
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1994
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1995
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1996
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1997
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1998
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1999
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 1999
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2000
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2001
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2002
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2003

 

Editor Dr. Javaid Rahi

  • Maharo Adab Gojri  :Ten issues from 1994-2004
  • Gojri Look Kahanein Ten issues from 1994-2004
  • Gojri Look Geet :       Ten issues from 1994-2004
  • Gujjar Aur Gojri:       Ten issues from 1994-2004
  • Shingran Ka Geet :    Ten issues from 1994-2004
  • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2004
  • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2005
  • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2006
  • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2007
  • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2008
  • Maharo Adab Gojri  : 5     issues from 2004 to 09
  • Gojri Look Kahanein :Five issues from 2004 to 09
  • Gojri Look Geet : Five issues from 2004-2009
  • Gujjar Aur Gojri:  Five issues from 2004-2009
  • Shingran Ka Geet :     Five issues from 2004-2009
  • Qadawar                         :          Two  issues
  • Paneeri (for Children) :    Two  issues
  • Gojri Ka Lal                :   Two  issues
  • CHIEF EDITOR  Dr. Javaid Rahi
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2009
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six issues 2010
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2011
    • Bi-Monthly  Sheeraza Gojri     : Six  issues 2012
    • Maharo Adab Gojri  : Four issues from 2009-2012
    • Gojri Look Kahanein :Four  issues from 2009-2012
    • Gojri Look Geet : :Four  issues from 2009-2012
    • Gujjar Aur Gojri:  Four  issues from 2009-2012
    • Shingran Ka Geet : Four  issues from 2009-2012
    • Qadawar                         :    Two  issues
    • Paneeri (for Children) :     Two  issues
    • Gojri Ka Lal                :        Two  issues
    • Sanjh                            :       Two  issues
    • Chamer                                One issue
    • Masawdo                             Two issues

 

(Gojri Curriculums Published by J&K State Board of School Education)

  • Paheli Gojri Kitab
  • Doji Gojri Kitab
  • Teeji  Gojri Kitab
  • Chothi Gojri Kitab
  • Panjmi Gojri Kitab
  • Chamein Gojri Kitab
  • Satimi Gojri Kitab
  • Athmein Gojri Kitab

(Published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages)

BOOKS TRANSLATED IN GOJRI

  1. Rubayat-e-Umar Khayam
  2. Gulistan –e-Sadi
  3. Translation of two Novels of  Preem Chand
  4. Shahan –e-Gujjars (History)
  5. Al-Farooq
  6. Medini Qafilo
  7. Mian Mohaammad Baksh
  8. Othello of Shakespeare
  9.  Kinglier of Shakespeare
  10. My Experiment With Truth by Gandhi ji

You can have these books from

chairmangulshan@gmail.com

Books on Gujjars : The Gujjars ; Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi- free download

February 13, 2018
THE GUJJARS Vol- 1 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-vol-1-ed-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf

THE GUJJARS Vol- 3 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-vol-3-edited-by-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
THE GUJJARS Vol- 4 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-vol-4-ed-by-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf

 THE GUJJARS VOLUME 5 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-volume-5-1.pdf
THE GUJJARS VOLUME 6 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI DICTIONARY
KALAM ISMAIL ZABAI -Ed.by Dr. JAVAID RAHI
Gojri Kalam e _Shamas_Din_Mehjoor ; Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI KALAM ISRAEL ASAR_ Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI LOOK GEET- Folk Songs of Gojri Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri_look-geet-complie-by-dr-javaid-rahi-fojri-folk-songs.pdf

KALAM E SHAMAS DIN MEHJOOR POONCHI Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
KULIYAT E RANA SARWAR SEHRAI ed. By . Javaid Rahi
 Gojri Translation of SHIEKH UL ALAM (RA) by Dr. Javaid Rahi
Gojri Translation of IBNE KHALDOON TARIEKH- Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Alfarooq- Shibli Noumani – Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Kalam e Nazir Ahmad Nazir Nazir ; Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI– Shahan_E_Gujjar_History by Abdul Malik Chouhan-Number
Kulyate_Rana_Fazal_Hussan_Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI-Version of – Gandhi Auto- Biography Main_Azmaio_Such_Final

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-version-of-gandhi-auto-biography-main_azmaio_such_final.pdf

GOJRI translation of Bostaan_e_Sadi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-translation-of-bostaan_e_sadi.pdf

GOJRI _Kuliyat-e-Qasam_Shamim

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-_kuliyat-e-qasam_shamim.pdf

YOU CAN HAVE THESE BOOKS FROM :
chairmangulshan@gmail.com 
javaidrahi@gmail.com

GOJRI books for Schools from class 1st to class 5th ;BOSE

February 6, 2018
GOJRI BOOKS-IIND Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-books-iind.pdf
GOJRI BOOK IIIRD Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-book-iiird.pdf
GOJRI BOOK IVTH Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI VTH BOOK Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI DICTIONARY
KALAM ISMAIL ZABAI -Ed.by Dr. JAVAID RAHI
Gojri Kalam e _Shamas_Din_Mehjoor ; Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI KALAM ISRAEL ASAR_ Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI LOOK GEET- Folk Songs of Gojri Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri_look-geet-complie-by-dr-javaid-rahi-fojri-folk-songs.pdf

KALAM E SHAMAS DIN MEHJOOR POONCHI Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
KULIYAT E RANA SARWAR SEHRAI ed. By . Javaid Rahi
 Gojri Translation of SHIEKH UL ALAM (RA) by Dr. Javaid Rahi
Gojri Translation of IBNE KHALDOON TARIEKH- Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Alfarooq- Shibli Noumani – Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Kalam e Nazir Ahmad Nazir Nazir ; Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI– Shahan_E_Gujjar_History by Abdul Malik Chouhan-Number
Kulyate_Rana_Fazal_Hussan_Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI-Version of – Gandhi Auto- Biography Main_Azmaio_Such_Final

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-version-of-gandhi-auto-biography-main_azmaio_such_final.pdf

GOJRI translation of Bostaan_e_Sadi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-translation-of-bostaan_e_sadi.pdf

GOJRI _Kuliyat-e-Qasam_Shamim

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-_kuliyat-e-qasam_shamim.pdf

GOJRI LAANGUAGE & LITERATURE Gojri Language & ; LiteratureHISTORY OF GOJRI LITERATURE Gojri Language and ; Literature

ENGLISH BOOKS on GUJJARS and BAKERWALS History Culture, Economy free download -PDF

February 3, 2018
THE GUJJARS Vol- 1 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-vol-1-ed-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf

THE GUJJARS Vol- 3 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-vol-3-edited-by-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
THE GUJJARS Vol- 4 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-vol-4-ed-by-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf

 THE GUJJARS VOLUME 5 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/the-gujjars-volume-5-1.pdf
THE GUJJARS VOLUME 6 Edited by Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI DICTIONARY
KALAM ISMAIL ZABAI -Ed.by Dr. JAVAID RAHI
Gojri Kalam e _Shamas_Din_Mehjoor ; Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI KALAM ISRAEL ASAR_ Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI LOOK GEET- Folk Songs of Gojri Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri_look-geet-complie-by-dr-javaid-rahi-fojri-folk-songs.pdf

KALAM E SHAMAS DIN MEHJOOR POONCHI Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
KULIYAT E RANA SARWAR SEHRAI ed. By . Javaid Rahi
 Gojri Translation of SHIEKH UL ALAM (RA) by Dr. Javaid Rahi
Gojri Translation of IBNE KHALDOON TARIEKH- Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Alfarooq- Shibli Noumani – Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Kalam e Nazir Ahmad Nazir Nazir ; Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI– Shahan_E_Gujjar_History by Abdul Malik Chouhan-Number
Kulyate_Rana_Fazal_Hussan_Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI-Version of – Gandhi Auto- Biography Main_Azmaio_Such_Final

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-version-of-gandhi-auto-biography-main_azmaio_such_final.pdf

GOJRI translation of Bostaan_e_Sadi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-translation-of-bostaan_e_sadi.pdf

GOJRI _Kuliyat-e-Qasam_Shamim

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-_kuliyat-e-qasam_shamim.pdf

GOJRI BOOKS in PDF – Free Download here (Gujari, Gojari, Gujar, Gujer, Gujjari, Gujuri, Gurjari BOOKS)

January 28, 2018
GOJRI DICTIONARY

HERE is  LINK to free download :-

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojridictionary-by-dr-javaid-rahi-01.pdf

KALAM ISMAIL ZABAI -Ed.by Dr. JAVAID RAHI
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/kalam-ismail-zabai-ed-by-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
GOJRI SI HARFI ..GOJRI BEAT
 https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/dr-javaid-rahi-5.pdf
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/dr-javaid-rahi-5.pdf

KALAM E KHUDA BAKH ZAR Ed. by Dr. Javaid RAHI

Gojri Kalam e _Shamas_Din_Mehjoor ; Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-kalam-e-_shamas_din_mehjoor-ed-dr-javaid-rahi1.pdf
GOJRI KALAM ISRAEL ASAR_ Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-kalam-israel-asar_-ed-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
GOJRI LOOK GEET- Folk Songs of Gojri Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri_look-geet-complie-by-dr-javaid-rahi-fojri-folk-songs.pdf

KALAM E SHAMAS DIN MEHJOOR POONCHI Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-kalam-e-_shamas_din_mehjoor-ed-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
KULIYAT E RANA SARWAR SEHRAI ed. By . Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-kalam-_gulam_sarwar_rana_ed-javaid-rahi.pdf
 Gojri Translation of SHIEKH UL ALAM (RA) by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/guldasta_kalami_sheikh_ul_aalam-tr-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
Book on Gojri writer SARWARI KASANA Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/sarwari-kasana-sahab-final-1.pdf
Gojri Translation of IBNE KHALDOON TARIEKH- Tr. Hassan Parwaz
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-_iban-e-khaldoon_gojri_tr-hassan-parwaz.pdf
GOJRI Alfarooq- Shibli Noumani – Tr. Hassan Parwaz
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-alfarooq-shibli-noumani-tr-hassan-parwaz.pdf
GOJRI Kalam e Nazir Ahmad Nazir Nazir ; Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-kalam-e-nazir-ahmad-nazir-nazir-ed-by-dr-javaid-rahi.pdf
GOJRI– Shahan_E_Gujjar_History by Abdul Malik Chouhan-Number
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-shahan_e_gujjar_history-by-abdul-malik-chouhan-number.pdf
Kulyate_Rana_Fazal_Hussan_Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/kulyate_rana_fazal_hussan_ed-dr-javaid-rah.pdf
GOJRI-Version of – Gandhi Auto- Biography Main_Azmaio_Such_Final

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-version-of-gandhi-auto-biography-main_azmaio_such_final.pdf

GOJRI translation of Bostaan_e_Sadi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-translation-of-bostaan_e_sadi.pdf

GOJRI _Kuliyat-e-Qasam_Shamim

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-_kuliyat-e-qasam_shamim.pdf

 GOJRI- YAAD -Dr. Sabir Afaqi – DR- JAVAID RAHI 4

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-yaad-dr-sabir-afaqi-dr-javaid-rahi-4.pdf

GOJRI BOOKS FOR SCHOOLS
GOJRI WRITERS OF J&K

Gojri Dictionary in PDF – FREE DOWNLOAD here

January 28, 2018

In an effort to preserve languages spoken by the tribal communities of Gujjars and Bakerwals in Jammu and Kashmir, the lexicons of Gojri- the largest spoken tribal languages of the State, was recently published by J&K Academy of Art, Culture and Languages (JKAACL).
Compiled by Dr Javaid Rahi, Chief Editor of Academy, this is the first ever concise dictionary in Gojri. The dictionary containing 70,000 words spoken by the Gujjars and Bakerwal communities have been prepared to cater the demand of Tribal Researchers of J&K and other 11 States of India where the Gujjar community lives and speak Gojri.
This is the fourth dictionary project which has been compiled under the supervision of noted Gojri writer Dr Javaid Rahi, who is also working as Chief Editor of Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages.
The project was taken into hand by Gojri section of the Academy in 2012. Academy editorial staff members Mohammad Mansha Khaki, Shah Nawaz, Mian Arshad Qammar and Mehmood Riaz also worked in the project.

HERE is  LINK to free download :-

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojridictionary-by-dr-javaid-rahi-01.pdf

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojridictionary-by-dr-javaid-rahi-1-281-1.pdf
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojridictionary-by-dr-javaid-rahi-3.pdf
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojridictionary-by-dr-javaid-rahi-part-4.pdf
https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojridictionary-by-dr-javaid-rahi-part-05.pdf
GOJRI DICTIONARY
KALAM ISMAIL ZABAI -Ed.by Dr. JAVAID RAHI
Gojri Kalam e _Shamas_Din_Mehjoor ; Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI KALAM ISRAEL ASAR_ Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI LOOK GEET- Folk Songs of Gojri Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri_look-geet-complie-by-dr-javaid-rahi-fojri-folk-songs.pdf

KALAM E SHAMAS DIN MEHJOOR POONCHI Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
KULIYAT E RANA SARWAR SEHRAI ed. By . Javaid Rahi
 Gojri Translation of SHIEKH UL ALAM (RA) by Dr. Javaid Rahi
Gojri Translation of IBNE KHALDOON TARIEKH- Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Alfarooq- Shibli Noumani – Tr. Hassan Parwaz
GOJRI Kalam e Nazir Ahmad Nazir Nazir ; Ed. by Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI– Shahan_E_Gujjar_History by Abdul Malik Chouhan-Number
Kulyate_Rana_Fazal_Hussan_Ed. Dr. Javaid Rahi
GOJRI-Version of – Gandhi Auto- Biography Main_Azmaio_Such_Final

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/gojri-version-of-gandhi-auto-biography-main_azmaio_such_final.pdf

GOJRI translation of Bostaan_e_Sadi

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-translation-of-bostaan_e_sadi.pdf

GOJRI _Kuliyat-e-Qasam_Shamim

https://javaidrahi.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/gojri-_kuliyat-e-qasam_shamim.pdf